Genitourinary is a word that refers to the urinary and genital organs.
Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract in both genders and the genital tract of the reproductive system in males.
Nephrology is the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney.
The urinary tract includes the organ system primarily responsible for cleaning and filtering excess fluid and waste material from the blood. The urinary system is comprised of the following:
The kidneys also function as glands that produce hormones necessary for building red blood cells and regulating blood pressure.